Subcutis

Subcutis consists of adipose tissue, connective tissue and blood vessels. Its function is to protect the body from cooling and shock and to act as an energy deposit.

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The third layer of the skin is subcutis – also called the subcutaneous. Subcutis consists primarily of fat cells which are located in thin connective tissue layers containing small blood vessels. Its function is to protect the body from cooling and shock and to act as an energy deposit. The subcutaneous fat deposits provide the skin with fullness and act as a padding against the muscle and bone structures lying just below. These fat cells can also appear to anyone as the well-known “orange skin”. With age, the skin’s fat layer becomes thin and it gives the skin a parchment-like appearance.

When you get a skin disease, the normal structure changes and it can have a decisive influence on the body’s immune system. The skin thus acts as the body’s outermost immune system, and if this function is lost or reduced, then normal cell-new formation will be derailed and, for example, eczema and skin cancer may be developed.